• Mathura - Vrindavan

Mathura - Vrindavan


Mathura is the abode of Lord Krishna and it has a great religious sanctity among the Hindus. It also has one of the oldest historical records. Even Mathura is mentioned in the epic Ramayan. It is on record that Mathura was one of the capitals of Kushan King Kanishka(130AD).

  • Area :3,329 sq. km. (Mathura District)
  • Population : 20, 95, 578 (2001 census)
  • Altitude : 187 metres above sea level.
  • Season : October-March
  • Language : Hindi, Brajbhasha & English
  • STD Code : 0565

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About Mathura - Vrindavan

Just an hour’s drive from Agra, on the banks of the river Yamuna, is situated the birthplace of Lord Krishna. The entire land is dotted with magnificent temples, dedicated to various aspects of his life. The twin cities of Mathura and Vrindavan, where he was born and where he grew up, still resound to the sound of his laughter, antics and his magical flute.

Some of the famous temples are : Govind Dev Temple, Rangaji Temple, Dwarikadhish Temple, Bankey Bihari Temple and the ISKCON Temple.

Gokul, Barsana and Goverdhan are the other township associated with the legend of Lord Krishna. Gokul is the hideout where Lord Krishna was secretly brought up- away from the eyes of his maternal uncle Kansa. His consort Radha belonged to Barsana, where the unique Holi festival Latthamar Holi is celebrated with great gusto. At Goverdhan, Krishna raised a mighty mountain on his little finger to protect the locals from the wrath of rain-god Indra.

  • The twin cities of Mathura and Vrindavan are about 56 km from Agra.
  • In and around this heart of Braj Bhumi are spots and symbols that may immerse your trip in spiritualism.
  • The twin cities personify the legend of Lord Krishna, with folklore, cultural traditions and even day-to-day life are imbued with a divine presence.
  • Amidst the mesmerizing temples, gardens, music, art and dances the legend of Lord Krishna comes alive in all its colour and glory – every day.
  • The Charkula dance, Raasleela and the lilting folk music recreate the aura of devotion and love.
  • The historical treasures at the Mathura Museum are a window to a glorious past that will keep you asking for more.

Overview of Mathura - Vrindavan

By Air

Nearest airport is Kheria, Agra-62 km.

By Rail

Mathura is connected with all the important cities of the state and country such as Delhi, Agra, Mumbai, Jaipur, Gwalior, Calcutta, Hydrabad, Chennai, Lucknow etc.

Railway stations : Mathura Junction (North Central Railway) and Mathura Cantt. (North Eastern Railway)

By Road

Mathura is connected to all the major cities by National Highways.Some of the major road distances are: Gokul-10km, Mahavan-14km, Vrindavan-15km, Baldeo-20km, Govardhan-26km, Bharatpur-39km, Deeg-40km, Barsana-47km, Nandgaon-53km, Agra-56km and Delhi-145km.

It is linked by the regular state bus services of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana

Bus Stations: Bhooteshwar Bus Station Mathura Old Bus Station

Local Transport

Buses, Tempos, Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws and Tongas are also available.

Mathura Station

Travel Agents

  • Rahi Tourist Banglow, Civil Lines, Mathura
  • Rahi Hotel, Junction Road, Mathura
  • Tourist Complex, NH2
tourist attraction


  • Samosa Kachori / Puri-Aloo / Jalebi / Khaman / Dhokla / Pohe / Tamatar Chaat / Milk Dishes such as sweets / Lassi / Peda / Khoya Sweets / Soan Papdi / Ghewar


  • Peda / Lassi / Chaat
Mathura Food
  • Mathura, the land of cows, is famed for its milk based sweetmeats. the most famous is the peda of Mathura, a milk dish known for its taste and freshness.
  • Puri-kachodi of mathura is also famous. A variety of salted dishes and other savouries are also well known specialties of the town.
  • Handicrafts and a wide range of trinkets associated with the legend of Lord Krishna are available at a large number of shops.

Mathura comes alive with colourful festivals throughout the year. Special festivities mark the festival of colours, Holi. Several classical and folk artistes render enthralling performances on this occasion.

Janmashtami, the birthday of Shri Krishna is celebrated with great pomp and Splendour throughout Braj.

The Raas Leela is enacted recreating the many legends of Shri Krishna's life - his dalliances with the Gopies.

Ceremonies in the temples at midnight include the bathing of the image of infant Krishna which is then placed in a silver cradle. Songs of devotion are sung and toys are offered for the amusement of the divine child. Thousands gather to offer their prayers and Mathura is astir with their devotion and celebrations.

The important fairs and festivals of the Braj include

Basant Panchami







Barsana, Nandgaon, Rawal, Mathura, Vrindavan, Gokul, Falen


Akshya Tritiya



Phool Bangla


April to August


Mathura, Vrindavan


Guru Purnima



Shri Krishna Janmastami

Braj Mandal



Braj Mandal


Baldeo Chhet



Matki Leela



Radha Ashtami



Haridas Jayanti






Annakoot/Govardhan Pooja



Akshaya Navami



Dauji Ki Poornima



Hariyali Teej

Braj Mandal



Braj Mandal


Radha Ashtami / Swani Haridas Jayanti

Barsana, Vrindavan



Goverdhan, Mathura


Yam Dwitiya

Vishram Ghat


Kansa Vadh




Braj Mandal


Latthmar Holi

Nandgaon, Falen, Dauji, Rawal, Vrindavan, Mathura


Braj Parikrama

The Hindu month of Bhadon, when Lord Krishna was born, is a time of colourful celebrations. The famous Braj Parikrama - a pilgrimage of all the places in Braj that are associated with Shri Krishna, is undertaken. Traditionally, pilgrims go for the Chaurasi kos (84 kos) pilgrimage of Braj Mandal, that covers 12 Vanas (forests) and 24 Upvanas (groves), sacred hill Govardhan, divine River Yamuna and numerous holy places along its banks. It is undertaken annually by lacs of devotees from all over the country.

The Yatra extends to Kotban to the north of Mathura, to Nandgaon, Barsana and the Govardhan Hill to the west and South-west of the city and to the banks of the Yamuna to the east, where the Baldeo Temple is located. Colourful fairs and performances of the Raaslila are distinctive to this festive period.


The most celebrated Shri Krishna's abode, Gokul lies across the Yamuna, 1.6 km from Mahavan and 10 km south-east of Mathura. This is the town where infant Lord Krishna was brought up in secrecy by his foster mother Yashoda. Situated on the banks of the Yamuna, Gokul is frequented by pilgrims, especially during Janmashtami.

Gokul attained importance during the time of Vallabhacharya (1479-1531) when it became a major centre of the Bhakti cult. The three oldest temples in the place are those dedicated to Gokulnath, Madan Mohan and Vitthalnath, said to have been built around 1511. The other temples include those of Dwarika Nath and Balkrishna in the shrines which were built in the honour of Lord Mahadeo in 1602 by Raja Vijai Singh of Jodhpur.

The celebration of Janmashtami in Gokul is unparalleled for its gaiety. Melas are held here round the year. Other festivities celebrated with traditional fervour include the Janmotsav in Bhadon, the Annakut festival and Trinavat Mela held on the fourth day of the dark half of Kartik month.

Important sites worth visiting in Gokul include the Gokulnath Temple, Raja Thakur Temple, Gopal Lalji Temple Morwala Temple, Nand Bhawan and Dauji Temple.

Population : 4,021 (2001 census)


Around 14 km from Mathura, lying on the left bank of the River Yamuna, is the large shrine of Mathuranath. It is famous for its Chaurasi Khambha (eighty four pillars). The palace of Rohini, the mother of Baldeo is now the Chhathi-Palna Temple. Other important shrines include the Shyam Lalji Temple, the Yogmaya Temple, Tranairatri Temple and the Mahamall Rai Ji's palace.

Population : 8,576 (2001 census)


Baldeo is 20 km south-east of Mathura and 8.5 km south - east of Mahavan on the road to Sadabad. It derives its name from the famous temple dedicated to Balram, the elder brother of Lord Krishna. It was built by Shyam Das of Delhi 200 years ago. The main image in the sanctum is of Baldeo or Balram with his spouse Revati. Near by is the brick lined tank, the Kshir Sagar or Balbhadra Kund, from where the original image housed in the temple was found. It is famous for its Dauji Temple and Holi-ka-Hurranga celebration

Population : 9,684 (2001 census)


Govardhan is situated 25 km west of Mathura on the state highway to Deeg. A famous place of Hindu pilgrimage, Govardhan is located on a narrow sandstone hill known as Giriraj which is about 8 km in length. This is the place where lord Krishna held aloft a hill for 7 days and nights to shield the people of Braj from the wrath of Lord Indra.

Govardhan is set along the edge of a large masonry tank known as the Mansi Ganga, which is believed to have been brought into existence by the operation of the divine will. Its enclosures were built by Raja Bhagwan Das of Amer in 1637 and embellished by Raja Man Singh, who built a long flight of steps leading up, from the end of the tank. Close by is the famous red sandstone temple of Haridev and the Kusum Sarovar with exquisitely carved Chhatris - the cenotaphs of the members of the royal family of Bharatpur, who perished whilst fighting against the British in 1825. Towards the south is the beautiful Chhatri of Raja Surajmal of Bharatpur. Fine frescoes - illuminating the life of Surajmal, vividly depict Darbar and hunting scenes, royal processions and wars.

Population : 18,494 (2001 census)


Barsana, 50 km to the north-west of Mathura and 19 km north-west of Govardhan, is situated at the foot of a hill that is named after Brahma. Barsana was once the home of Radha, Krishna's beloved and consort.

Temples dedicated to the divine couple ornament the four elevations of the hill. The main among them is the Radha-Rani Temple, more fondly referred to as the Ladliji Temple. The most beautiful temple at Barsana, it was built by Raja Bir Singh Ju Deo of Orchha in 1675. The new marble temple adjoining it is a later addition. The other three shrines are Man Mandir, Dargah and Mor-Kutir temples. The area between the hill housing the Radha-Rani Temple and the adjoining one is known as the Sankari-Khor. This is the venue of the annual fair held in the month of Bhadon (July-August).

The birth anniversary of Radha-Rani is celebrated on the ninth day of the bright half of Bhadrapad (July-August). Women celebrate the occasion by giving Laddoos to the peacocks - to symbolize the serving of sweets by Radha to Lord Krishna.

Some of the ancient tanks also survive which can be seen such as Prem Sarovar, Roop Sagar, Jal Mahal and the Bhanokhar Tank.

Barsana is also famous for its 'Latthmar' Holi-celebration of the festival of colour that is unique to this town.

Population : 9,960 (2001 census)


Nadgaon lies 8.5 km north of Barsana on the metalled road to Mathura (56 km). According to tradition, it was the home of Shri Krishna's foster father, Shri Nandji. On the top of the hill is the spacious temple of Nandrai, built by the Jat ruler Roop Singh. The other temples here are dedicated to Narsingha, Gopinath, Nritya Gopal, Girdhari, Nand Nandan and Yashoda Nandan that are located half way up the hill. A little beyond is the Pan Sarover, a large lake with masonry ghats along its sides. Legend has it, that this was the place where Shri Krishna used to take his cows for water. Not far away is the Kadamb grove called Udhoji - ki- Kyari.

Population : 9,960 (2001 census)


Just 5 km north of Govardhan and 26 km west of Mathura, Radhakund is a large lake, where Shri Krishna is said to have killed Arista - the bull demon. To commemorate this event, every year on the 8th day of the dark half of the month of Kartik (Oct./Nov.), a large fair Ahoi Astami is held here.

Population : 5,932 (2001 census)